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“Independency, as the phenomenon is known, was the African response to Christianity, first to its excessive European political and cultural\ baggage,and, second, to its creative transformation in the African crucible. In its political temper, Independency splintered off into varieties of “Ethiopianism,” that is , into forms of protest and resistance defined by racial and political concerns. In its essentially religious temper, however, Independency assumed the tones and color of Zionism, that is, charismatic and revivalist expressions that show considerable continuity and overlap with African religions.
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—Lamin Sanneb
“World Christianity and New Histgoriography
History and Global Interconnections”

 

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(www.ethiopiawinet.org) (www.ethiopianism.org) .

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Don’t close your eyes to celebrating  Wero Wednesday

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Paleo-Ethiopianism

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Paleo-Ethiopianism
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“Another sign of Saladin’s benevolence towards the Ethiopians is found in a Greek source, according to which he granted them, at the request of their king — possibly Harbe, Lalibela’s predecessor –important concessions in Jerusalem and Bethlehem. In Jerusalem they were given the Church of the Invention of the Cross and two rooms near the Copts, under the so-called Catechumens, to live in. The donation of the church in particular must have made Saladin quite popular among the Ethiopians because the feast of the Invention of the Cross(Masqal) has always been one of the highlights of the Ethiopian calendar. In Bethlehem, near the Gate of the Holy Grotto, the Ethiopians were given a place for the divine cult and a part of the narthex to live in. Even if there is no proof that there were Ethiopians in Jerusalem in 1187, there does not seem to be a valid reason for not accepting this Greek source.” Finally, Saladin is also said to have exempted Ethiopian pilgrims from taxation, a favour not granted to the Franks.”
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— E. Van Donzel
“Lalibala and Jerusalem in the Twelfth Century”

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“In the United States, Pan-Africanism was influenced by Edward Wilmont Blyden, a Liberian scholar of West Indian origins. Blyden’s writings and periodic visits to the United States in the late nineteenth century had a crucial influence on African American intellectual life.
“He was associated with two important strains in African-American thought, “vindicationism” and “Ethiopianism.” Vindicationism was a tradition that sought to demonstrate the humanity of African peoples by proving their contributions to world history, through the civilizations of ancient Egypt and the “blameless Ethiopians.”
These historical references to Ethiopia must be distinguished from “Ethiopianism”, the religious movement for the conversion and civilization which was a theology based on the biblical passage, “Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch forth her hands unto God.”
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— Suk Hi Kim
“North Korea at a Crossroads”

 

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Paleo-Ethiopianism

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Paleo-Ethiopianism
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“The unicorn is found in the mountains of high Ethiopia. It is of an ash color and resembles a colt of two years old, excepting that it has the head of a goat, and in the middle of its forehead a horn three feet long, which is smooth and white like ivory, and has yellow streaks running along from top to bottom.
This horn is an antidote against poison, and it is reported that other animals delay drinking till it has soaked its horn in the water to purify it. This animal is so nimble that it can neither be killed nor taken. but it casts its horn like a stag, and the hunters find it in the deserts. But the truth of this is called in question by some authors.”
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— Joannes Leo Africanus
“Africa”(1550)

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Remembering Paul B. Henze
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Paul B. Henze, a former CIA station chief, is credited for wrinting numerous books on Ethiopia, including the Layers of Time (2007)—potentially one of the most celebrated books on the contemporate history of Ethiopia. It is found in almost every large University and metropolitan library in the United States and Canada.
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Henze wrote “no where in the world does the primitive, ancient, medieval, and modern mix as it does in Ethiopia.”
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Henze, born in 1924, passed away on this date on May 19, 11 at the age of 86.

 

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9°N 38°E

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9°N 38°E

(Fascinating story. Text books will locate Addis Ababa 9°N 38°E . But how accurate is that . This little story should delight any amatuer astronomer.)
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“(visited by Jez Bennett and Grant Waldron)
24-Apr-2006 — With so many confluence points untaken in Ethiopia I thought it would be a formality to tick off a few during my two-months stay. However, nothing fell my way while leading tours in the North, and despite a foray down south to the Bale Mountains, I was left empty handed. It was left to my penultimate day in the country to go in search of one not far from Addis.
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The last remaining member of my departing group Grant aka ‘the captain’, joined me in the quest despite having to catch a plane the same evening. After negotiating a reasonable fee with a taxi, we set off on the main road directly west out of Addis. The supposedly terrible road was in fact pretty good and in many parts recently surfaced and repaired. It took about 3 hours to reach the town of Gīnch’ī, which on the map appears very close to the Confluence. It was in fact about another 10 km drive to get to the nearest point accessible by road, leaving us with a 3 km walk across open fields.
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Our walk through the fields caused a considerable herd of children to follow us. Familiar cries of “You, give me Birr!”, and “Where are you going?” grew tiresome, so I told them we were walking to Sudan. This had the desired effect, so by the time we reached the Confluence we were alone.
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Being in an open area, the site of the Confluence offers good views over the surrounding fields, local settlements and tasty wildlife.
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Our journey back proved uneventful, managing to dodge the kids who were surprised to learn Sudan was so close. Grant was able to catch his flight home; the cowboy cabbie made a nice buck, and I finally had an Ethiopian Confluence.”
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(Source: confluence.org/confluence.php?lat=9&lon=38)

 

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