“Broadly, Ethiopianism is the religious, literary, and political philosophy derived from the biblical passage picturing Ethiopia stretching forth her hands to God(i.e. Ps. 68:31).
The passage was cited repeatedly by African and African American intellectuals and leaders from the early nineteenth century forward and widely interpreted as forecasting the rise of Pan-African unity.”
— Susan Kay Gillman
American Race Melodrama and the Culture of the Occult”