“Independency, as the phenomenon is known, was the African response to Christianity, first to its excessive European political and cultural\ baggage,and, second, to its creative transformation in the African crucible. In its political temper, Independency splintered off into varieties of “Ethiopianism,” that is , into forms of protest and resistance defined by racial and political concerns. In its essentially religious temper, however, Independency assumed the tones and color of Zionism, that is, charismatic and revivalist expressions that show considerable continuity and overlap with African religions.
“World Christianity and New Histgoriography
History and Global Interconnections”
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