(Kedamay Weyane)

May 22 13226952_10205444606909157_1336440800740075575_nis the “unofficial” Anniversary of the Weyane
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(Editor Note: To get a better understanding of this sensitive subject, we consult the Ethiopia Country Study Guide, written and edited by USA International Business Publications . (Source: U.S. Library of Congress)
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DISCONTENT IN TIGRAY
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Overt dissidence in Tigray during Haile Selassie’s reign centered on the 1943 resistance to imperial rule known as the Weyane. The movement took advantage of popular discontent against Amhara rule but was primarily a localized resistance to imperial rule that depended on three main sources of support. These were the semipastoralists of eastern Tigray, including the Azebo and Raya, who believed their traditional Oromo social structure to be threatened; the local Tigray nobility, who perceived their position to be endangered by the central government’s growth; and the peasantry, who felt victimized by government officials and their militias.
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The course of the Weyane was relatively brief, lasting from May 22 to October 14, 1943. Although the rebels made some initial gains, the imperial forces, supported by British aircraft, soon took the offensive. Poor military leadership, combined with disagreements among the rebel leaders, detracted from the effectiveness of their efforts. After the fall of Mekele, capital of Tigray, on October 14, 1943, practically all organized resistance collapsed. The government exiled or imprisoned the leaders of the revolt. The emperor took reprisals against peasants suspected of supporting the Weyane.
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(Source: countrystudies.us/ethiopia/25.htm)
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(Photo: Kedamay Weyane market, in Mekelle, Tigray. Built to commemorate the first Weyane uprising)

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